Top questions and answers about legal DNA testing
When people hear the word DNA tests, they often only think of paternity tests, but there’s a lot more under the DNA testing umbrella that a lot of us are not aware of. While it is true that paternity DNA test is the most popular type of test requested in legal cases pertaining to child custody, there are many other tests that form a part of DNA testing.
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Let’s take a look at some of the top questions and answers about legal DNA testing to give you a more clearer view of this procedure.
What is DNA Testing?
A DNA test is a highly accurate way of establishing or disapproving family or genetic relationships by examining the similarities between deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) samples from two people.
What is Legal DNA Testing Used For?
As mentioned earlier, the most popular and typical use of DNA testing is to identify the biological father of a child. While legal DNA tests form a crucial part of child custody hearings, nowadays immigrant applicants also sometimes require legal paternity tests to move to a family or parent in a foreign country. In these kind of cases, DNA tests are not ordered by the court, but are often done to strengthen the immigrant’s application. The other uses of DNA testing include forensic analysis of DNA samples, which is called genotyping, and includes processes like talent genetic testing and disease susceptibility gene test. However, these kind of tests don’t usually fall under the legal DNA testing bracket.
How are Legal DNA Tests Different from Regular DNA Tests?
DNA tests that are not taken up for legal reasons are often called “peace of mind” DNA tests. As the name suggests, these tests are more for an individual’s personal reasons or peace of mind and is not ordered by the court of law or the government. The main difference between the two types of tests is the venue where they are conducted. While peace of mind DNA tests can be taken at home, legal DNA tests have to be performed in accredited facilities to be considered as a valid legal proof.
What kind of Situations Demand Legal DNA Testing?
Legal DNA testing can be demanded in a number of situations and primarily vary from case to case. However, the most common situations that demand legal DNA test include insurance benefits, custody battle, social security benefits, adoption inquiries, military benefits, and estate settlement.